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japanese grammar

September 2008

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hitotsuyanagi in jpnese_grammar

Important Question

 Hi everyone I am studying "an intergrated approach to intermediate japanese" by The Japan Times and I have four small questions? 

1.)
学生:今朝でクラスの宿題をいただくを忘れてしまったのです。
先生:明日持って来るを忘れて下さい

first what does the の in each sentence mean? If is remember correctly (according to Genki, by The Japan Times as well, it references to a noun that has already been stated or clear; also I thought that everything before the の was just qualifing it. 

2.)
例:赤ちゃんはペンギンのように歩きます
例:あの人は女のようなひとです

okay, here is my issue i know that のように is the adverbial form of のような but I have seen it used in sentences without a preceeding verb following it. So, could someone clear this up for me because even when Genki II explained this I was confused. 

3.)
例:自分の名前さえかけない人がすごくないでしょう
例:時々夏のようにさえあります

So, i learned sae means even and it follows a noun or dictionary form of a verb + koto, so I am very confused - please help.

4.) 
例:僕は盗人に財布を盗まれました
例:お母さんは子供達に野菜を食べさせました

simply, what is the difference between causive, passive, and causive-passive? when do I know when to use them?

thank you,
hitotsuyanagi 

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